Let’s build (english summary)
Salon Suisse 2016: Thursday 8th September
“Welcome and Bienvenue” is the welcome by the salonnière Leïla El-Wakil to 50 people on Giudecca Island. The salon starts with the opening exhibition of Mohamed Abla’s frescos. Because graffiti are banned on Palcoterra stage, a wall has been found in “Cantiere”, the industrial part of Giudecca, brought back to life by artists and boat builders. Abla explains his painting, which measures 7 by 3 meters as A boat with a Black Venus, meaning Venice, water, wind, children playing, the war, and fear: those are lightness and difficulties of life. This is an example of Egyptian informal architecture. The self-build structures are limited to the most essential: a house in which to live.
Prepare Models for Self-Build
Leïla El-Wakil opens the discussion in Trevisan Palace with a call to architects. She asks them self-build projects that surpass the domination of Western, industrial and modern technical construction. Her guest Daniel Grataloup, an architect from Geneva, explores the thesis of sculpture-architecture and since 1966, the year where he obtained a patent for sprayed concrete, he has pursued his vision of the ‘self-build’.
Four Points of “Tomorrow’s Architecture”
Grataloup’s work focuses on the traditional way of total work of art. He thinks that his buildings are not subjective creations but are valid for everyone. With the technique of sprayed concrete, everyone can build his own dreams. The time has come for a “new universal architecture”, says Grataloup. The latter is based on the following four parameters: new spatial conception, new structure, new materials and new technologies.
Architecture of Nothing
Grataloup’s architecture from the future does not need many things and especially, not a right angle. He talks of nature and human being’s movements. The right angle is evil and the curve is his solution, and it is built like this: two reinforced hairnets curved with free figures; between which we find isolation and ducts. A thin layer of sprayed concrete is applied on the inside and outside of the structures. Windows are cut out in hulls and all the rest of the construction can be done in sprayed concrete.
An Irreproachable Paradise of Concrete
During the opening evening of Salon Suisse 2016, the Emmet theatre group played “Concrete’s Hell”, around Hassan Fathy, pioneer of modern independent architecture, with ancestral construction techniques in agreement with climate. To Concrete’s Hell, Grataloup responds with his concrete Paradise. He presents his sprayed concrete architecture as the ideal solution, which is not only well received by the other party. The debate generates discussion and divergence.
To bring everyone together, the Salonnière declares the buffet open in Trevisan Palace. With or without right angle, the demiurge role of architects and the program with obligatory points represents an amalgam of past visionaries and immerses us in our historical roots. The idea of the curve is more human than the right angle and has been well understood since Hugo Häring. The belief of a pure functional architecture will soon be 100 years old – in other terms, Grataloup’s ‘tomorrow’s architecture’ is actually the architecture of yesterday.
Daniel Grataloup, Switzerland: architect, designer. French and Swiss, Grataloup of studied at Lyon's School of Fine Arts and at the Centre d'Art et de Techniques Union Centrale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. PhD (Paris I, 2001), architect SIA Officier des Arts et Lettres, he is so innovative designer. He filed a patent (1996) for his new shoot concrete building technique. He Realized many residential and tourism projects in Switzerland, Algeria and now China. Saint-John's temple in La Chaux-de-Fond (Neuchatel) and his villa in Conches (Geneva) are listed as classified buildings; some of his drawings and models belong to the MoMA's collection since 2012 Design.
Mohamed Abla was born in Mansoura (North of Egypt) in 1953. He of studied Fine Arts in Alexandria, and then in 1978 he started a seven year journey to Europe, where he Showed his first solo exhibition at the Gallery Hohmann in northern Germany; of studied graphics in Vienna and Exhibited his work at the AAI Gallery; and of studied graphics and sculpture and had a two year experience in art therapy in Zurich. In Egypt he held many solo and group exhibitions at Cairo Atelier, Mashrabeya Gallery, Sheba Gallery, Cairo - Berlin Art Gallery and Zamalek Art Gallery. In 1994 he won the 1st Prize in Kuwait Biennale in 1997 the Grand Prix at the Alexandria Biennale. Abla Participated in Several International events like Havana Biennial. He Held Several group exhibitions in the Kunstmuseum Bonn. In 2007, Mohamed Abla founded The Fayoum Art Center where artists meet, work and collaborate. In the 2009 he established the first caricature museum in the Middle East. Mohamed Abla now lives and works in Egypt.
Redaktion: Palle Petersen (Hochparterre)
Produktion: Roderick Hönig (Hochparterre), Urs Honegger (Hochparterre)
Traduction: Leïla el-Wakil
Copyright: Pro Helvetia & Hochparterre 2016
Hochparterre dokumentiert den «Salon Suisse» 2016. Als offizieller Medienpartner begleiten wir die Veranstaltungsreihe mit Hintergrundinformationen, Zusammenfassungen, Audiostatements, Bildern und Livestreamings. Der «Salon Suisse» ist das Begleitprogramm des Schweizer Auftritts an der 15. Internationalen Architekturbiennale – La Biennale di Venezia. Der «Salon Suisse» ist eine Initiative der Schweizer Kulturstiftung Pro Helvetia.
Hochparterre documente en exclusivité le «Salon Suisse» 2016. Le partenaire média officiel du salon suit la série d’événements au travers d’articles de fond, de résumés, d’enregistrements audios, d’images et de retransmissions en direct. Le «Salon Suisse» est le programme parallèle de la présence suisse à la 15e Biennale internationale d’architecture – La Biennale di Venezia. Le «Salon Suisse» est une initiative de la Fondation suisse pour la culture Pro Helvetia.
Hochparterre exclusively documents the «Salon Suisse» 2016 starting 1st june 2016. As official media partner Hochparterre provides multimedia background information with written articles, audiostatements, visuals and free live streaming of part of the «Salon Suisse» talks. «Salon Suisse» is a talks and event programme complementing Switzerland’s national participation at the 15th International Architecture Exhibition – La Biennale di Venezia. It is initiated by the Swiss Arts Council Pro Helvetia.