Let’s build (english summary)
Salon Suisse 2016: Saturday, 10 September
“In keeping technologies of earth architecture, we have realized that local knowledge is easier, cheaper and faster than High-tech”, says Mariana Correira. The Portuguese architect describes her first contact with earth architecture as something that changed her life. Today, she advises ICOMOS for the conservation of world heritage sites.
Diversity and Signification of Earth Architecture
Is earth architecture a primitive architecture? Definitely not, says Correira. Since 8000 BC, human beings built in the earth on every continent: in fact, 135 of 962 sites of world heritage are built in earth. Is earth architecture only earth architecture? Wrong again, says Correira. There are many different techniques, including mud, clay, techniques for walls in stonework, raw earth and hybrid systems with structures of filling often combined with wood. There are differences in terms of climate, seismic conditions that dictate the lands’ exigencies. Correira’s message is clear: “In front of such diversity, there is not only one receipt of conservation of earth architecture, we need to rely on local knowledge.”
Technical and Social Aspects
A lot of knowledge has been lost over time; some notions are no longer considered. Before publishing about constructive techniques, technical advice or advice on standards, we need to have a solid common knowledge on the diverse uses of these notions. It is important to implement practical workshops in order to identify a community and ensure its heritage is linked to its local economy.
Responsibility! Involved people!
At the end of her presentation, Correira began a discussion with the audience. The public described its understanding of self-build. The discussions and interpretations focused on architecture and artisanship. Finally, Correira came to the conclusion that it is not only construction, but also what comes before and what comes after it. We don’t need to blame politics, but we should instead take responsibility and integrate humans in the entire process. This is collective architecture. Buffet is served.
Mariana Correia, Portugal: architect, heritage conservation consultant. The Portuguese architect holds an Architecture degree (FAUTL, Lisbon, Portugal), a Master in Earthen Architecture (CRAterre-ENSAG, Grenoble, France) and a PhD in Heritage Conservation (OBU, Oxford, UK). She is an international consultant for ICOMOS, regarding assessment of World Heritage Sites. She is representing the UNESCO-ICOMOS Joint Reactive Mission to Arg-E Bam, Iran; and to Sanaa, Yemen (mission suspended) and is president of the Steering Committee of the Earthen Architecture Centre of Mopti, Mali (from the Aga Khan Trust for Culture). Correia is President and Professor of ESG/Gallaecia (Portuguese College) and Director of Ci-ESG (International Research Center). She published seventeen books as an author or co-editor.
Redaktion: Palle Petersen (Hochparterre)
Produktion: Roderick Hönig (Hochparterre), Urs Honegger (Hochparterre)
Traduction: Leïla el-Wakil
Copyright: Pro Helvetia & Hochparterre 2016
Hochparterre dokumentiert den «Salon Suisse» 2016. Als offizieller Medienpartner begleiten wir die Veranstaltungsreihe mit Hintergrundinformationen, Zusammenfassungen, Audiostatements, Bildern und Livestreamings. Der «Salon Suisse» ist das Begleitprogramm des Schweizer Auftritts an der 15. Internationalen Architekturbiennale – La Biennale di Venezia. Der «Salon Suisse» ist eine Initiative der Schweizer Kulturstiftung Pro Helvetia.
Hochparterre documente en exclusivité le «Salon Suisse» 2016. Le partenaire média officiel du salon suit la série d’événements au travers d’articles de fond, de résumés, d’enregistrements audios, d’images et de retransmissions en direct. Le «Salon Suisse» est le programme parallèle de la présence suisse à la 15e Biennale internationale d’architecture – La Biennale di Venezia. Le «Salon Suisse» est une initiative de la Fondation suisse pour la culture Pro Helvetia.
Hochparterre exclusively documents the «Salon Suisse» 2016. As official media partner Hochparterre provides multimedia background information with written articles, audiostatements, visuals and free live streaming of part of the «Salon Suisse» talks. «Salon Suisse» is a talks and event programme complementing Switzerland’s national participation at the 15th International Architecture Exhibition – La Biennale di Venezia. It is initiated by the Swiss Arts Council Pro Helvetia.